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Primary and Secondary Sources

Spanish Civil War and Francoist Repression

Published onApr 11, 2023
Primary and Secondary Sources

Secondary Sources

This Zotero library on the Spanish Civil War and Francoist Dictatorship was created as a resource for students participating in an upper division seminar on 20th Century Spain.  It contains digital resources (including, but not limited to, archival collections and datasets) as well as recent English-language publications on the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and Francoist Dictatorship (1939-1975). 


Innovation and Human Rights

Database of casualties, the missing and victims of reprisals in the Spanish Civil War and Franco’s Dictatorship.

Map of Graves and the Disappeared

Government created database of mass graves and identified remains.


Database about online cultural representation of the Civil War and Dictatorship.


SIDBRINT (Digital Information System on the International Brigades) is a website of the Universitat de Barcelona about the historical memory of the International Brigades. Its main goal is to give relevance to each and every one of the volunteers that came to Spain to fight for the Republic.
There are three related databases: Volunteers, Documentary sources and Military structure.

Digital Primary Sources

Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives

The Abraham Lincoln Brigade (ALBA) Archives contains information about ALBA, a database of the 2,800 individuals who left from U.S. territory to fight with the Spanish Republic, and a digital collection that contains records from the James Lardner Papers, the Herman Greenfield Papers, the Miriam Sigel Papers, and the Marjorie Polon Papers, all of which are housed in New York University's Tamiment Library.

Anuario Estadístico de España​

Spain's National Institute of Statistics contains digitized annual reports from 1858 to the present. These reports contain a wealth of information for social research that can be used to create data visualizations of historic trends.

Archivo Fotográfico de la Delegación de Propaganda de Madrid

This archival collection houses the photographs that were taken by the Junta de defensa de Madrid during the Civil War. The photographs were originally used by the Republican side to denounce the war. During the Francoist dictatorship, the collection was hidden from the public and used as an instrument of political repression. 

Biblioteca Digital Hispánica

The Hispanic Digital Library is the digital library of the Biblioteca Nacional de España. It provides access free of charge to thousands of digitized documents, including books printed from the 15th to the 19th century, manuscripts, drawings, engravings, pamphlets, posters, photographs, maps, atlases, music scores, historic newspapers and magazines and audio recordings

Biblioteca Virtual de Prensa Histórica

The Virtual Library of Historical Newspapers (BVPH), coordinated by Spain's Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, is a digital newspaper library that provides access to an extensive, varied and growing collection of historical newspapers and cultural magazines in Spanish languages. 

British Pathé Spanish Civil War Collection

British Pathé is a newsreel archive that spans the years from 1896 to 1978. The collection includes footage from around the globe of major events, famous faces, fashion trends, travel, science and culture, and the website contains a series of specialized collections, including one on the Spanish Civil War. Note that you cannot embed newsreels from this collection without purchasing the rights.

History Archive for the Spanish Revolution

The History Archive for the Spanish Revolution is part of the Marxist Internet Archive, which is a non-profit website that hosts a multilingual library of the works of Marxist, communist, socialist, and anarchist writers, such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Rosa Luxemburg, Che Guevara, Mikhail Bakunin, and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. 

Magazines and War 1936-1939: Spanish Civil War and Print Culture

This website is a virtual companion to the 2007 exhibit "Magazines and War 1936-1939" at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, which examined the role of artists in Spanish Civil War magazines. 

Marx Memorial Library-Spanish Collection

The Spanish Collection held by the MML comprises the archives of the International Brigade Association (IBA), which was established in 1938 by the veterans of the British Battalion of the International Brigade following their return from Spain, archival documentation of mixed provenance that has been accumulated since 1975, and the Personal Papers of a number of International Brigaders.

Memorial Democràtic de Catalunya

Memorial Democràtic is a public institution of the Generalitat of Catalunya that conserves the "democratic memory" of the region from 1931-1980. Of particular interest are their maps of common graves and Francoist symbols, and their photographic archive of arial bombardments during the Civil War

​Records of the International Brigades

The records of Fond 545 reflect activities of the International Brigades and military units which took part in the civil war on the side of the Republican Army of Spain in 1936 – 1939. The documents of Fond 545 were created by the activities of the International Brigades Base’s headquarter and services and all international military brigades and units who fought in Spain. Prior to its archival processing, the documents were on repository in the Joint Archive of the Foreign Personnel Commission of the Spanish Communist Party’s Central Committee. The Commission was one of the Comintern’s sections from 1921 to June 1943. The documents were then transferred to the Executive Committee of the Communist International (ECCI) as a loose assortment of hand-written papers, typed documents and publications. The main language of the collection is Spanish, with many documents in 26 different languages, including French, English, German, Polish, Russian and others.

Southworth Spanish Civil War Collection

The Southworth Spanish Civil War Collection at UC San Diego, is one of the largest archives of the Spanish Civil War with 13,000 books, pamphlets, periodicals, newspapers, posters, and manuscripts. Publications by Republicans, Falangists, Catholics, anarchists, communists, socialists, agrarian reformers, and regional political parties are all represented, as are those by Spanish exiles and partisans outside Spain. Of particular interest are the the digitized collections of Spanish Civil War Posters, Spanish Civil War News Photos, Spanish Civil War Children's Drawings, Spanish Civil War Communist EphemeraSpanish Civil War Memory Project, and Spanish Civil War Postage Stamps.

Warwick Digital Collections- Trabajadores: The Spanish Civil War through the eyes of organised labour

This collection is made up of a wide range of primary sources on the Spanish Civil War, taken from several archive collections held by the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick. The majority of the material - 46 physical files - is part of the archive of the British Trades Union Congress.  This contains thousands of documents on a wide range of subjects relating to the Spanish Civil War, including material on key themes such as the response of organized labour and the political left in Britain and abroad, the attitude of the British and French governments, medical aid and the care of refugees, the International Brigade, and German and Italian intervention.

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